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CNY Chinese Yuan Renminbi rates, news, and tools

what is the chinese currency

The value of CNY is controlled by the People’s Bank of China, which only allows it to fluctuate within a 2% range of the reference rate. As a result, there are different regulations and restrictions imposed upon these currencies and their usage. The dual-currency system also helps regulate funds for various projects, as it minimises total risk posed by large swings in any one particular currency. In essence, it prevents economic instability from collapsing markets in times of crisis or trepidation.

It is even possible to spend an entire day paying for everything with a smartphone instead of cash. Even the owners of small vegetable stalls in traditional wet markets accept mobile payments. If you look closely at a 1 yuan banknote, however, you will see the characters 壹圆 (yī yuán) under the “1” in the middle to the left of Mao’s portrait. Although they look quite different, the characters 壹圆 (yī yuán) are actually the same as 一元 (yī yuán). The frequency of usage of coins varies between different parts of China, with coins typically being more popular in urban areas (with 5-jiǎo and 1-yuán coins used in vending machines), and small notes being more popular in rural areas. Older fēn and large jiǎo coins are uncommonly still seen in circulation, but are still valid in exchange.

what is the chinese currency

The terms yuan and renminbi are often used interchangeably, with renminbi referring to the official currency and yuan representing the primary unit of the currency. Secondly, CNH offers low transaction costs when compared to most other currencies meaning those who trade using it can save money when buying or selling assets denominated in it. These percentages show how much the exchange rate has fluctuated over the last 30 and 90-day periods. These are the lowest points the exchange rate has been at in the last 30 and 90-day periods. These are the highest points the exchange rate has been at in the last 30 and 90-day periods. China has increased its attempts to back its currency, including promoting free usage of the renminbi.

USD to CNY – Convert US Dollars to Chinese Yuan Renminbi

The Chinese Renminbi (RMB) is used for domestic transactions within Mainland China, whereas the Chinese Yuan (CNY) is used for international transactions outside the mainland. This dual-currency system plays a key role in keeping the People’s Bank of China from running into economic trouble due to foreign investors seeking a larger portion of the market. The People’s Bank of China has exclusive authority to issue currency. The reverse side of most coins, which range in denominations from 1 fen to 1 renminbi, contains images of historic buildings and the country’s diverse landscape. In November 1993, the Third Plenum of the Fourteenth CPC Central Committee approved a comprehensive reform strategy in which foreign exchange management reforms were highlighted as a key element for a market-oriented economy.

  1. The Japanese yen (en) was originally also written with the kanji (Chinese) character 圓, which was simplified to 円 with the promulgation of the Tōyō kanji in 1946.
  2. It was first introduced in 1948 when the Chinese Communist Party established their new government after the Chinese Civil War.
  3. Both the Qing Dynasty and early Republican government circulated silver yuan coins and banknotes.
  4. In essence, it prevents economic instability from collapsing markets in times of crisis or trepidation.
  5. However, this then began to change as the Chinese government started to promote the international use of the RMB.

At the same time, the government introduced measures to allow retention of part of the foreign exchange earnings from non-trade sources, such as overseas remittances, port fees paid by foreign vessels, and tourism. The first locally minted silver dollar or yuan accepted all over Qing dynasty China (1644–1912) was the silver dragon dollar introduced in 1889. Various banknotes denominated in dollars or yuan were also introduced, which were convertible to silver dollars until 1935 when the silver standard was discontinued and the Chinese yuan was made fabi (法币; legal tender fiat currency). The ISO code for the renminbi is CNY, the PRC’s country code (CN) plus “Y” from “yuan”.[13] Hong Kong markets that trade renminbi at free-floating rates use the unofficial code CNH. This is to distinguish the rates from those fixed by Chinese central banks on the mainland.[14] The abbreviation RMB is not an ISO code but is sometimes used like one by banks and financial institutions.

Understanding the Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY)

For instance, the suggested retail price for a BMW 320Li M was ¥339,800 as of March 2019. This is good news for businesses located outside China because it makes it easier for them to enter China’s massive market and facilitate transactions, including sending money to China. For years, the Chinese Yuan had never been close to being considered an international currency because of the Chinese government’s rigid controls. However, this then began to change as the Chinese government started to promote the international use of the RMB. The new currency allowed the new administration to unify the Chinese economy, which was then divided among several regional currencies. It also distinguished the new administration from the previous government, whose policies had led to high levels of hyperinflation.

The RMB was a key part of the new government’s efforts to unify the economy and distinguish itself from the previous administrations, which suffered from hyperinflation. While most countries have a single currency, China has two currencies — CNH and CNY. Where the former caters exclusively to mainland China, the latter is primed for international trade. Our currency rankings show that the most popular US Dollar exchange rate is the USD to USD rate.

In 1953, aluminium ¥0.01, ¥0.02, and ¥0.05 coins began being struck for circulation, and were first introduced in 1955. These depict the national emblem on the obverse (front) and the name and denomination framed by wheat stalks on the reverse (back). In 1980, brass ¥0.1, ¥0.2, and ¥0.5 and cupro-nickel ¥1 coins were added, although the ¥0.1 and ¥0.2 were only produced until 1981, with the last ¥0.5 and ¥1 issued in 1985.

US Dollar to Chinese Yuan Renminbi stats

The renminbi yuan has different names when used in ethnic minority regions of China. The Korean won (won) used to be written with the hanja (Chinese) character 圜 from 1902 to 1910, and 圓 some time after World War II. It is now written exclusively in Hangul, as 원, in both North and South Korea. Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more. Her expertise is in personal finance and investing, and real estate.

The yuan is used in all aspects of Chinese life and is one of the most widely accepted international currencies. The Renminbi in Foreign ExchangeDuring the command economy, the Chinese Yuan Renminbi was set to unrealistic exchange values and as a result, severe currency guidelines were put in place. When China’s economy opened in 1978, the Yuan Renminbi was only used domestically and foreigners used exchange certificates; this led to a powerful black market. From 1997 to 2005, the Chinese government pegged the Chinese Yuan Renminbi to the US Dollar at approximately 8.3 CNY to 1 USD.

Today, the traditional character for yuan is also used in the currencies of several Chinese-speaking regions, such as the New Taiwan Dollar, the Hong Kong Dollar, the Singaporean Dollar, and the Macanese Pacata. In the aftermath of the Second World War and during the civil war which followed, Nationalist China suffered from hyperinflation, leading to the introduction of a new currency in 1948, the gold yuan. In the 1940s, larger denominations of notes appeared due to the high inflation. 500 yuan notes were introduced in 1941, followed by 1,000 and 2,000 yuan in 1942, 2,500 and 5,000 yuan in 1945 and 10,000 yuan in 1947.

As for the 壹 (yī),  it is just another, more complicated form of 一 (yī) that is used by bankers in China as an anti-fraud measure since it is harder to alter than the simple 一 (yī). If you ask an economist, however, they will tell you that these terms are actually somewhat different. It comes down to the difference between currency and units of currency. The People’s Bank of China lowered the renminbi’s daily fix to the US dollar by 1.9 per cent to ¥6.2298 on 11 August 2015. The People’s Bank of China again lowered the renminbi’s daily fix to the US dollar from ¥6.620 to ¥6.6375 after Brexit on 27 June 2016. An orange polymer note, commemorating the new millennium was issued in 2000 with a face value of ¥100.

Date of first “yuan” coins by province

Check live rates, send money securely, set rate alerts, receive notifications and more. If you find the difference between currency and units confusing, it might seem like a good idea to figure out which word for money is most popular in China and use that one. When telling someone how much something costs, you would be unlikely to say “This car costs 10 gold.” You need some sort of unit, such as ounces.

The word “yuan” is frequently used in Mandarin translations of foreign currencies. In Mandarin Chinese, the character yuan is used for round or circular things. This word was also used for the silver Spanish dollars introduced by European merchants in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Today, renminbi is the general name for the Chinese currency, while yuan is the name of a unit of that currency. One way to understand this is to imagine a country that uses gold as its currency. There is, in fact, very little practical difference between the terms RMB (renminbi) and CNY (Chinese yuan), and you will often hear these two words used interchangeably.

The Central Bank of China issued notes in denominations of 1 and 5 fen, 1, 2 and 5 jiao, 1, 5 and 10 yuan. China’s official currency is called Renminbi — it’s also known as the “people’s currency”. In mainland China, it’s officially called the Chinese yuan renminbi (CNY). These are the average exchange rates of these two currencies for the last 30 and 90 days. CNY is the official currency abbreviation for the Chinese Yuan under the ISO 4217 standard.


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